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Simulation shows deeper meltdown at tsunami-hit Japan nuclear reactor than previously thought
TOKYO (AP) ' Radioactive debris from melted fuel rods may have seeped deeper into the floor of a Japan's tsunami-hit nuclear reactor than previously thought, to within a foot from breaching the crucial steel barrier, a new simulation showed Wednesday.
The findings will not change the ongoing efforts to stabilize the reactors more than eight months after the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant was disabled, but they harshly depict the meltdowns that occurred and conditions within the reactors, which will be off-limits for years.
The plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. said its latest simulation showed fuel at the No. 1 reactor may have eroded part of the primary containment vessel's thick cement floor.
The fuel came within a foot of the container's steel wall in the worst-case scenario but has been somewhat cooled, TEPCO's nuclear safety official Yoshihiro Oyama said at a government workshop. He said the No. 1 reactor had more extensive damage to its fuel rods because it lost cooling capacity before the other two, leaving the rods dry and overheated for hours before water was pumped in.
The nuclear crisis following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami caused massive radiation leaks and the relocation of some 100,000 people.
Another simulation released Wednesday by the government-funded Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, or JNES, showed that the concrete erosion at the No. 1 reactor is believed to be less than 2 meters (6.7 feet) from the surface of the some 7-meter-think concrete floor.
But JNES official Masanori Naito said fuel rods became shapeless as they collapsed to the bottom of the pressure vessel while continuing melting, then deteriorated further into drops as water pumping resumed, with fuel drops spattering and smashed against the cement, Naito said.
TEPCO and government officials are aiming to achieve "cold shutdown" by the end of the year ' a first step toward creating a stable enough environment for work to proceed on removing the reactors' nuclear fuel and closing the plant altogether.
A preliminary government report released this month said it will take 30 years or more to safely decommission Fukushima Dai-ichi.
Wednesday's simulation results show what had happened early in the crisis and do not mean a recent deterioration of the reactor. Oyama said, however, the results are based on currently available data only and do not reflect the actual conditions inside the reactors, which cannot be opened for years.
Some experts have raised questions about achieving the "cold shutdown," which means bringing the temperature of the pressure vessel containing healthy fuel rods to way below the benchmark 100 Celsius (212 Fahrenheit). They say the fuel is no longer there and measuring the temperature of empty cores is meaningless, while nobody knows where and how hot the melted fuel really is now.
Kiyoharu Abe, a nuclear expert at JNES, said it's too early to make a conclusion and more simulations based on latest available data should be conducted to get accurate estimates.
"I don't think the simulation today was wrong, but we should look at this from various viewpoints rather than making a conclusion from one simulation," Abe said. "It's just the beginning of a long process."